what brass instruments are in a symphony orchestra

The brass section rests a lot during symphonies and film scores, but they usually dominate the music when they do play. In order of the highest to lowest pitch, the brass section of an orchestra consists oftrumpets, french horns, trombones, bass trombone, and the tuba.

What are the names of the brass instruments?

What are the names of the brass instruments?Bugle.Trumpet.Cornet.Piccolo Trumpet.Flugelhorn.French horn (Horn in F)Mellophone.Euphonium.

What are some brass instruments?

Types of Brass InstrumentsCornet. The cornet is one of the most popular brass instruments that you will find all over the world. …Trumpet. Of course the trumpet makes an appearance on this list. …French Horn. Up next is the French horn. …Flugel Horn. Like several of the brass instruments,the Flugel horn has a rich history. …Tenor Horn. …Trombone. …Tuba. …Euphonium. …

What are all the brass instruments?

The brass family members that are most commonly used in the orchestra include the trumpet, French horn, trombone, and the tuba. Learn more about each brass instrument: Trumpet ? French Horn ? Trombone ? Tuba. Other instrument families: Strings ? Woodwinds ? Percussion. Trumpet.

What instruments are in brass?

The most recognized instruments include:TromboneTrumpetTubaFrench hornBaritone horn


First, we have the Trumpet, which like all brass instruments, produces sound by amplifying air blown into a mouthpiece that travels down a tube to a bell at the other end.

The Horn (French Horn)

The French Horn, often just called “the Horn ” by modern players, is an instrument with an extended length of tubing coiled up into a circle.


The trumpet and french horn both went through a pretty extensive evolution over the hundreds of years of western musical history.

Bass Trombone

The Bass Trombone differs from the previously discussed trombone – for which the full name would be tenor trombone – because the bass version of the trombone plays lower notes.


And finally, the Tuba is the lowest brass instrument of the orchestra, and as such, it serves the role of the foundation of the brass section.


Hopefully, this exploration of orchestral brass instruments has given you a more detailed idea of how an orchestra makes the sounds it does.

How do you change the pitch of a trumpet?

You change the pitch and sound by pressing different valves and buzzing your lips harder or softer. The brass family members that are most commonly used in the orchestra include the trumpet, French horn, trombone, and the tuba. The ancestors of the modern trumpet have been a part of human culture for a very long time.

How do brass pipes vibrate?

Like the woodwind family, brass players use their breath to produce sound, but instead of blowing into a reed, you vibrate your own lips by buzzing them against a metal cup-shaped mouthpiece.

What does a mouthpiece do?

The mouthpiece helps to amplify the buzzing of the lips, which creates the sound. Most brass instruments have valves attached to their long pipes; the valves look like buttons. When you press down on the valves, they open and close different parts of the pipe.

What is a trombone made of?

A standard trombone is made of long thin brass pipes. Two U-shaped pipes are linked at opposite ends to form an "S.". One pipe slides into the other so the total length of the pipe can be extended or shortened.

How big is a tuba?

Tubas range in size from 9 to 18 feet ; the longer they are, the lower they sound. Standard tubas have about 16 feet of tubing. There is generally only one tuba in an orchestra and it usually plays harmony. You play the tuba sitting down with the instrument on your lap and the bell facing up.

Why is the brass family called the brass family?

If you think the brass family got its name because the instruments are made of brass, you’re right! This family of instruments can play louder than any other in the orchestra and can also be heard from far away. Although their early ancestors are known to have been made of wood, tusks, animal horns or shells, today’s modern instruments are made …

What is the trumpet used for?

Throughout history the trumpet has been used to sound alarms, gather people together, as a call to war, and to add luster to parade music. Like the violin, the trumpet is the smallest member of its family and plays the highest pitches with its bright and vibrant sound.

What clef is used for viola?

Viola parts are written in the alto clef —middle C on the third line. This clef is best suited to the compass of the instrument, leger lines being seldom required. For very high passages the treble clef is employed.

What is the characteristic tonal quality of the oboe?

The characteristic tonal quality of the oboe is reedy and somewhat nasal. Its lowest tones are loud and strident, and must be used with the utmost discretion. The highest tones are difficult of production and are of doubtful utility, the flute taking these pitches more effectively.

Why are bass parts written in octaves?

Parts for the double bass are written an octave above their actual sound in order to avoid the constant use of leger lines below the staff. The bass is thus one of the so-called "transposing instruments" whose pitch differs from its staff representation.

How many flute players are needed for a symphony?

Symphony orchestras usually require three flute players, the third of whom is provided also with a piccolo, to be used when required by the score.

How many strings are tuned in fifths?

The four strings are tuned in fifths. Thus:

What is the purpose of the book Symphony Orchestra?

The purpose of this little book is to supply such information as is really needful to the intelligent concert-goer. It is designed to occupy a middle place between the profound technical treatise on the one hand and the insignificant handbook on the other. Its scope covers briefly the construction, tonal qualities, range, and special uses of each instrument, not in its solo capacity, but rather as part of the orchestral ensemble.

Why do we use a series of fourths?

As tuning in fifths would be impracticable on this large instrument. A series of fourths is employed in order that scale and passage work may lie more conveniently under the hand. Usually there are two less basses than cellos in symphony and grand opera orchestras.